How to Survive Diabetes - including Special Tips on type 2
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Skipping a meal can make you eat too much at the next meal. It may be better to eat several small meals each day instead of one or two big ones.
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Before you start, talk with your doctor. If you have high blood pressure or eye problems, some exercises, like weightlifting, may not be safe.
How to Beat Type 2 Diabetes With Diet and Lifestyle Changes
Your doctor or nurse will help you find safe exercises. Try to exercise at least three times a week for about 30 to 45 minutes each time. Start with 5 to 10 minutes, then work up from there. If you haven't eaten for more than an hour or if your blood sugar level is less than , have something like an apple or a glass of milk before you exercise.
Make sure to carry an identification tag or card that says you have diabetes. Insulin and diabetes pills and shots are the kinds of medicines used to lower blood sugar.
These can include:. This is you if your body has stopped making insulin or if it doesn't make enough. Everyone with insulin-dependent diabetes or type 1 diabetes needs insulin, and many people with type 2 diabetes also need it. You will have to give yourself shots every day. Some people give themselves one a day. Some people give themselves two or more a day.
Never skip a shot, even if you are sick. Insulin is injected with a needle. Your doctor will tell you what kind of insulin to use, how much, and when to give yourself a shot. Talk to your doctor before changing the type or amount of insulin you use or when you give your shots. Your doctor or the diabetes educator will show you how to draw up insulin in the needle. Ask someone to help you with your shots if your hands are shaky or you can't see well. At first, you may be a little afraid to give yourself a shot. But most people find that the shots hurt less than they expected. The needles are small and sharp and do not go deep into your skin.
Always use your own needles, and never share them with anyone else. Also, keep it away from bright light.
Too much heat, cold, or bright light can damage insulin. If your body makes insulin but it doesn't lower your blood sugar, you may have to take diabetes pills or some other injectable. These only work in people who have some insulin of their own.
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Some are taken once a day, and others are taken more often. Ask your doctor when you should take yours. Diabetes medications are safe and easy to take. Be sure to tell your doctor if yours make you feel bad or if you have any other problems. Sometimes, people who take diabetes pills may need insulin shots for a while. This may happen if you get very sick, need to go to a hospital, or become pregnant. You may also need them if the diabetes pills no longer lower your blood sugar.
You may be able to stop taking diabetes pills if you lose weight. Losing even a little bit can help lower your blood sugar. You need to know how well you are taking care of your diabetes.
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You need to know if you are lowering your blood sugar. The best way to find out is to test your blood. If it has too much or too little sugar in it, your doctor may need to change your eating, exercise, or medicine plan. Some people test their blood once a day. Others do it three or four times a day. Your doctor may want you to test before eating, before bed, and sometimes in the middle of the night.
Ask your doctor how often and when you should test your blood sugar. You need a small needle called a lancet. You also need special blood testing strips that come in a bottle. Your doctor or diabetes educator will show you how to test your blood. Here are the basic steps to follow:.
Pricking your finger with a lancet may hurt a little. It's like sticking your finger with a pin. Use the lancet only once, and be careful when you throw away used ones. Ask your doctor or nurse how to get rid of them safely. You can buy lancets, strips, and meters at a drugstore. Ask your doctor or diabetes educator for advice on what kind to buy. Take your blood testing items with you when you see your doctor or nurse so that you can learn how to use them the right way. Urine Tests: You may need to test your urine or blood for ketones when you are sick or if your blood sugar is over before eating a meal.
Your body makes ketones when there is not enough insulin in your blood. They can make you very sick. You can buy strips for testing urine ketones at a drugstore. Also, some blood glucose meters can detect ketones with specialized strips. Your doctor or diabetes educator will show you how to use testing monitors correctly.
It is essential that people measure insulin carefully and eat a consistent diet that balances blood sugar levels as much as possible.
In addition to insulin, other types of medication are available that can help a person to manage their condition. As well as diabetes, a person may also have other health risks, and they may need medication to control these. A doctor will advise the individual about their needs. In , new guidelines also recommended prescribing additional drugs for people with:. For those with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and a high risk of heart failure , the guidelines advise doctors to prescribe an SGLT2 inhibitor.
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GLP-1 receptor agonists work by increasing the amount of insulin the body produces and decreasing the amount of glucose that enters the bloodstream. It is an injectable drug. People may use it with metformin or alone. Side effects include gastrointestinal problems, such as nausea and a loss of appetite. SLGT2 inhibitors are a new type of drug for lowering blood glucose levels.